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Early draft.

Minispec Title: :


Draft (minus)


User goal summary

(a very brief description of the key user goal(s), expressed in just a few sentences.)

(Repeat minispec title here.)

Non Goals

(what the minispec is consciously not trying to address. Minispecs should be fairly tight and focused; they defeat their purpose if they try to encompass everything, and so this section spells out where lines were drawn.)


(words with larger plain-English meanings may be used in a narrower sense within a minispec. These specific meanings should be spelled out, and then employed consistently within the body of the minispec

Below are the terms we believe need to be defined for this minispec. We can come back to the definitions after writing the rest of the minispec.

Persona-based user stories

Use cases

(a list of particular actions or activities that will need to be supported.)

  • As a student, I want to be able to:
  • As an instructor, I need to be able to:
  • As an evaluator, I need to be able to:
  • As a provider of feedback, I need to be able to:
  • As a system administrator or technical coordinator, I need to be able to:
  • As a portfolio (or assessment) administrator or coordinator, I need to be able to:
  • As department or institutional administrator (director or decision maker), I need to be able to:
  • In addition, the portfolio system needs to be able to:

Sample User Scenarios

(a few examples of activity sequences, to help put use cases in context. Sample user scenarios will never be exhaustive, but they should provide some feel for the different kinds of user journeys that come up.)

  1. The Teaching, Learning and Assessment Portfolio (TLAP) for Industrial Engineering scenario will serve as the primary scenario for learning/assessment portfolios.
  2. For learning and presentation portfolios in which the locus of control resides with the student, the Global Liberal Studies Heuristic Portfolio will serve as one of two potential primaries. The other will be a scenario in which graduate students, students in professional programs (medicine, law, nursing, etc), or even working professionals use portfolios to document professional development. Possibilities include using the Medical registrar learning and assessment portfolio, which would require a persona pursuing a specialization in medicine or drafting a new scenario that incorporates Lucas (a master's student in math education) and perhaps Bob (online math instructor).

Functional analysis

(a concise rundown of the functional goals and concepts instructive for a solution. This section will require some synthesis of the use cases and scenarios, and to that extent will involve some design thinking or even sketches to illustrate a point, though they will not be prescriptive for the design. )

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