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Accessibility Resources

Quick Starts

Looking for a good place to start? Try these:

  • The WCAG2 How to Meet WCAG 2.0 checklists http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/
  • WebAIM - WebAIM is a great place to learn about web accessibility from the perspective of people with various disabilities, learn techniques to handle web accessibility issues, and understand the practical meaning of the various laws and guidelines. WebAIM also has their WAVE online evaluation tool http://wave.webaim.org/ which has a Firefox and Chrome extension.
  • BBC's Future Media Standards Semantic Mark-up Guidelines - A great style guide to using the appropriate HTML to mark-up page content.
  • Screen Readers
    • Screen Reader User Survey - The results from this survey provides great insight into the demographics and preferences of screen reader users.
    • Experience what it is like to use a screen reader at no cost:
    • Browser-based automated audit/reporting tools for quick insights
      • Firefox Accessibility Extension – http://firefox.cita.uiuc.edu/
      • Chrome Accessibility Audit - View > Developer > Developer Tools > Audits
      • Many browser-based web development extensions also generate reports on missing labels, alternatives and improper hierarchies

In-depth Info

  1. Laws / Guidelines:
    1. Section 508
      1. Section 508 1194.22 Web-based – http://www.section508.gov/index.cfm?fuseAction=stdsdoc#Web
      2. WebAIM Section 508 – http://www.webaim.org/standards/508/checklist
      3. Update of the 508 Standards:
        1. Section 508 Update Home – http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/update-index.htm
        2. Update Final Report – http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/refresh/report/
    2. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)
      1. Overview – http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.php
      2. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 – http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
    3. Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA)
      1. Overview – http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/aria.php
      2. Working Draft of Accessibile Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) 1.0 – http://www.w3.org/TR/wai-aria/
    4. The DHTML Style Guide Working Group's (DSGWG) DHTML Style Guide – http://dev.aol.com/dhtml_style_guide
    5. Guidelines for Speech-Accessible HTML for Dragon NaturallySpeaking (PDF) -- http://www.nuance.com/ucmprod/groups/healthcare/documents/webasset/nd_004979.pdf
  2. Accessible Web UI Libraries
    1. Fluid's Infusion – http://fluidproject.org/products/infusion/
    2. jQuery user interface – http://jqueryui.com/home
    3. IBM's Dojo – http://www.dojotoolkit.org/http://www-03.ibm.com/able/resources/dojo.html
  3. Blogs / Podcasts / WebSites
    1. WebAxe Practical Web Design Accessibility Tips – http://webaxe.blogspot.com/
    2. Marco's accessibility blog – http://www.marcozehe.de/
    3. Boagworld — http://boagworld.com/
    4. 456 BEREA St. – http://www.456bereastreet.com/
    5. WebAIM – http://webaim.org/
    6. W3C Web Accessibility Initiative – http://www.w3.org/WAI/
    7. Accessibility/Disability Awareness
      1. W3C-WAI's Introduction to "How People with Disabilities Use the Web" – http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/people-use-web
      2. WebAIM's Introduction to Web Accessibility – http://www.webaim.org/intro/
      3. UW-Madison's Accessibility Videos – http://www.doit.wisc.edu/accessibility/video/
  4. Mozilla Firefox Accessibility Toolbars
    1. WAVE - Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool – http://wave.webaim.org/toolbar
    2. FAE - Firefox Accessibility Extension – http://firefox.cita.uiuc.edu/
    3. Juicy Studio Accessibility Toolbar – https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/9108
    4. Fangs Screen Reader Emulator – https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/402
    5. Headings Map – https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/7203
    6. Firebug – https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1843
  5. Online Web Accessibility Evaluators:
    1. WAVE – http://wave.webaim.org/
    2. Functional Accessibility Evaluator – http://fae.cita.uiuc.edu/### ATRC Web Accessibility Checker (AChecker) – http://achecker.ca/checker/index.php
    3. Color Blindness:
      1. Accessibility Color Wheel 2.0 – http://gmazzocato.altervista.org/colorwheel/wheel.php
      2. Luminosity Colour Contrast Ratio Analyser – http://juicystudio.com/services/luminositycontrastratio.php
  6. Accessibility Testing Protocols
    1. Sakai's Accessibility Testing Protocols
    2. Fluid's Accessibility Protocols and Checklists - http://wiki.fluidproject.org/display/fluid/UX+Walkthrough+Protocols+and+Checklists
    3. IBM's Web Accessibility Checklist – http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html
    4. The California State University Section 508 Manual Website Evaluation – http://www.calstate.edu/Accessibility/webaccessibility/evaluation/508-eval-ref.shtml
  7. Guidelines for Writing Alternative Text
    1. Effective Practices for Description of Science Content
    2. WebAIM: Appropriate Use of Alternative Text
  8. Accessibility Coding Examples
    1. Practical Coding Examples

Other Accessibility Resource Listings

There are many existing Accessibility Resource pages. The intent of this page isn't meant to be a comprehensive listing so if you can't find what you are looking for, here are a few good listings to check:

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